Woodpecker communities in the differently managed forests of Darjeeling, Eastern Himalayas, India



Darjeeling Himalaya is known to harbour 69% of all woodpeckers and about 50% of all birds found in India, even though the region only contributes to <0.0001% of the total area of country. This integral part of the Eastern Himalayas is characterised by diverse forest management regimes, which, though contiguous with one another, differ in terms of forest structure, forestry operations and standing tree diversity, all of which have been found to affect woodpecker community assemblages. However, there is insufficient information on all aspects related to this avian group in the Eastern Himalayas, driven by the lack of resources, priority and awareness about their ecological roles.