Sustainable commodity futures in India


India has had a long history of cultivating agricultural commodities (like tea and coffee) dating back to the colonial period. Over the last two decades, globalisation as well as increasing domestic and international demand has meant that commodity production has surged in India, driven by high-value segments like horticulture and cash crops. These developments have coincided with a cross-sectoral focus on ensuring that environmental impacts emerging from agricultural expansion and intensification, in terms of carbon emissions, freshwater depletion, soil degradation and biodiversity loss (among others), can be mitigated and that production be made more ‘sustainable’ for the actors involved in this sector.