Jagdish Krishnaswamy

Convenor and Senior Fellow
Suri Sehgal Centre for Biodiversity and Conservation, Ashoka Trust for Research in Ecology and the Environment (ATREE). jagdish@atree.org, jagdish.krishnaswamy@gmail.com



For publication details:
http://atree.academia.edu/JagdishKrishnaswamy OR
http://www.researchgate.net/profile/Jagdish_Krishnaswamy/publications

Education

Ph.D. Department of Environment of the Graduate School, Duke University, May 1999.

Masters in Statistics, Institute of Statistics and Decision Sciences, Duke University, May 1999.

Bachelor of Technology in Civil Engineering, Indian Institute of Technology, Bombay, India, 1989.

Work Experience

  • Convenor, Suri Sehgal Centre for Biodiversity and Conservation, Ashoka Trust for Research in Ecology and the Environment, Bangalore, from February 2008.
  • Leader, Programme in Ecosystem services and Human Well-Being,Suri Sehgal Centre for Biodiversity and Conservation, Ashoka Trust for Research in Ecology and the Environment, Bangalore.
  • Affliate Teaching Faculty, National Centre for Biological Sciences, TIFR, Bangalore.
  • Visiting scientist at Department of Systems Ecology and Stockholm Resilience Centre, Stcokholm University, November 2007 to May 2008.
  • Fellow/Assistant Professor at Ashoka Trust for Research in Ecology and the Environment, Bangalore, from August 2001.
  • Faculty member and Senior Lecturer in Department of Habitat Ecology, Scientist-SD in Wildlife Institute of India, Dehradun, India (www.wii.gov.in), an autonomous institute under the Ministry of Environment and Forests from January, 2000 to August, 2001. GIS/Remote sensing applications, statistics, hydrology and soil science.
  • Visiting Fellow in Remote Sensing and Watershed Hydrology at Ashoka Trust for Research in Ecology and the Environment (ATREE: www.atree.org) January 2000 to August 2001.
  • Post Doctoral Research Associate in Remote sensing and watershed hydrology, at ATREE, Bangalore. (September 1999-January 2000).
  • Research Assistant in soil and hydrologic science, School of the Environment, Duke University, supervised by faculty member, Dan Richter (1992-93).
  • Worked as a water resources and environmental engineer for a national-level NGO, Development Alternatives, head quarters: New Delhi, India (1989-92).

Training courses attended

  • Two-month summer course in Tropical Managed Ecosystems, Costa Rica given by the Organization for Tropical studies (OTS), 1993.
  • Two-week Course in Remote Sensing and Digital Image Processing Applications in Vegetation Monitoring under the National Natural Resources Management Systems, Department of Space, Government of India (September, 1990).

Current Teaching

  • Probability, statistics and role of statistics in science, and applied landscape ecology. M.Sc. in Wildlife Biology and Conservation, National Centre for Biological Sciences, TIFR, Bangalore.
  • Conservation Science and Research Methodology courses for the Ph.D. programmes at National Institute of Advanced Studies and ATREE.

Grants received exclusively as Principal Investigator

Grants received exclusively as Principal Investigator

  • 2002-2003, from UN Foundation (Professionalizing management of World Heritage Sites)
  • 2002-2003, from Resources for the Future (Estimating biomass using remote sensing data)
  • 2002-2003,Ford Foundation through UNESCO (Hydrology).
  • 2002-2003, from Wildlife Conservation Society, NY through Centre for Wildlife Studies, Bangalore for Sedimentation study in Kudremukh
  • 2002-2005, With the support of Ministry of Environment and Forests, Government of India. (Gap analysis for Western Ghats)
  • 2005-2006, Dorabjee Tata Trust funded project, prioritizing proposed World Heritage Sites in Western Ghats, India.
  • 2005-2006, UNESCO funded hydrologic trend analyses in Western Ghats
  • 2006-2007, Cornell University funded for studying impacts of forest degradation on soil and hydrology.
  • 2007-2008, UNDP funded hydrological studies under post-tsunami assessment project.
  • 2008-2009, Grant from Save the Tiger Fund for multi-disciplinary project on "Valuation of watershed services of tiger habitat in the Western Ghats".
  • 2008-2009, funded by NERC, UK for quantifying and mapping ecosystem services as part of a UK–India consortium.
  • 2008–2012, Team leader grant from Critical Ecosystem Partnership Fund for managing CEPF investment in Western Ghats
  • 2008-2009, joint NCBS–ATREE project on bio-resources in Sikkim funded by Department of Biotechnology, Government of India

Scholarships, Awards and Grants

  • Pew Scholarship and Assistantship, School of the Environment, Duke University, 1992-93.
  • Travel Grant and Scholarship for summer course in Tropical Managed Ecosystems, Costa Rica from Organization for Tropical Studies, summer 1993.
  • Award from Center for International Studies, Duke University for summer research in Costa Rica.
  • Tinker Field Research Grant Travel for summer research in Costa Rica, 1994.
  • Travel grant for summer research from Duke-UNC program in Latin American Studies, 1995.
  • School Scholarship, School of the Environment, Duke University, 1992-1993.
  • HRA Scholarship, Office of Student Development, Duke University, 1993-94.
  • Graduate Scholarship and Assistantship, School of the Environment, Duke University, 1994-98.
  • International Travel Award from Association for Tropical Biology, 2002.
  • Edda Sehgal Award for Conference Travel 2004.
  • International Union of Forest Research Organisations (IUFRO) Award for Travel, 2004.
  • START Global Young Scientist Award, 2004. Honorable Mention for award for best published paper.
  • Travel and workshop grant from UNESCO to attend Hydstra workshop in Landcare Institute, New Zealand. 2006 and 2007.
  • Royal Society of Edinburgh Fellowship, 2008–2009.
  • 125th Anniversary Celebration of Bombay Natural History Society, 19 February, 2009. Bangalore, India. Chaired and gave key-note address for session on “Landscape level conservation”.
  • Invited guest talk on “Dynamics of seasonally-dry forests in India: Insights from remote sensing and ground studies”, Annual Research Seminar, French Institute, Pondicherry, November, 2009.
  • Chaired panel discussion and workshop on “Conservation targets: Should we focus on species, ecosystems or ecosystem services”, Student conference in conservation science, Bangalore, June 17, 2010.

Complete Publications

Conferences and Publications

  • Spatial and Temporal Dynamics of Sediment Yield in a Humid Tropical Basin, session: Impacts of Land-Use Changes on Erosion and Sedimentation: Monitoring, Modeling and Management II; presented at the 1997 spring meeting of the American Geophysical Union, Baltimore. EOS, Transactions of American Geophysical Union, vol. 78, no. 17, 1997 (supplement).
  • Impact of forest conversion on soil biogeochemistry in a humid tropical environment, presented at the at Soil Science Society of America Annual Meeting, October 1997, Anaheim, California, 1997 Agronomy Abstracts, October 1997.
  • Impact of Forest Conversion on Highly Weathered Soils in a Humid Tropical Environment, presented at the Ecological Society of America Annual Meeting, August 1998, Baltimore, Maryland. Bulletin of the Ecological society of America, vol. 79, no. 3, August 1998.
  • Dynamics of fluvial processes in a humid tropical Basin: A statistical–Bayesian approach, Session: Geomorphic Responses to Environmental Change, poster presentation at 1998 Spring meeting of the American Geophysical Union, Boston. EOS, Transactions of American Geophysical Union, vol. 79, no. 17, 1998 (supplement).
  • Impact of Forest Conversion on Aggregate Stability of Highly Weathered Soils in a Humid Tropical Environment, presented at the Soil Science Society of America Annual Meeting, October 1998, Baltimore, Maryland, 1998, Agronomy Abstracts, October 1998.
  • Badrinarayanana, S., J. Krishnaswamy, S. Lele and K. Chandrashekhara, Consequences of forest conversion to coffee plantations on litter beetle and ant communities. Pp. 162-163. Proceedings of the International Conference on Tropical Ecosystems, Association for Tropical Biology, Bangalore, India, 15–18 July, 2001. New Delhi: Oxford & IBH Publishing Co. Pvt. Ltd.
  • Fruit removal patterns and dispersal of Emblica officinalis (Euphorbiaceae) at Rajaji National Park, India, Pp. 513–516. Proceedings of the International Conference on Tropical Ecosystems, Association for Tropical Biology, Bangalore, India, 15–18 July, 2001. New Delhi: Oxford & IBH Publishing Co. Pvt. Ltd.
  • Bawa, K.S., K. Jagdish, K.N. Ganeshaiah, N. Barve, M.C. Kiran and R. Uma Shaanker. Use of remotely sensed imagery for assessment, conservation and management of biodiversity. p. 7. Proceedings of the International Conference on Tropical Forests: Past, Present and Future, Association for Tropical Biology, Panama City, Republic of Panama, Panama, 29 July–3 July, 2002.
  • Krishnaswamy, J., M.C. Kiran and K.N. Ganeshaiah. Tree-model based eco-climatic vegetation classification in diverse tropical deciduous ecosystems using multi-seasonal NDVI. p. 144. Proceedings of the International Conference on Tropical Forests: Past, Present and Future, Association for Tropical Biology, Panama City, Republic of Panama, Panama, 29 July–3 July, 2002.
  • Assessing the effectiveness of PAs in conserving forest biomass: A case study from South India. Centennial Meeting of the American Association of Geographers, March 19, 2004 Philadelphia.
  • Krishnaswamy J., V. Mehta and P. Joshi. Effects of forest degradation on watershed processes in the dry deciduous forests of South India. Forests and water in warm humid Asia, Proceedings of a Workshop of the International Union of Forest Research Organisations (IUFRO) Forest Hydrology Working Group, 10–12 July 2004, Kota Kinabalu, Malaysia
  • Krishnaswamy, J., M. Bunyan, V. Mehta, N. Patil and S. Naveenkumar. Impact of iron ore mining in Kudremukh on the Bhadra River ecosystem, Forests and Water in Warm Humid Asia, Proceedings of a Workshop of the International Union of Forest Research Organisations (IUFRO) Forest Hydrology Working Group, 10–12 July 2004, Kota Kinabalu, Malaysia.
  • Prasad, S., J. Krishnaswamy and R. Chellam. 2005. Dispersal of seeds that ruminants regurgitate: Phyllanthus emblica Linn. (Euphorbiaceae) at Rajaji National Park, India. p. 101. In Proceedings of the IV International Symposium / Workshop on Frugivores and Seed Dispersal. Brisbane, Australia.
  • 125th Anniversary Celebration of Bombay Natural History Society, 19 February, 2009. Bangalore, India. Chaired and gave key-note address for session on “Landscape level conservation”.
  • Invited guest talk on “Dynamics of seasonally-dry forests in India: Insights from remote sensing and ground studies”, Annual Research Seminar, French Institute, Pondicherry. November, 2009.
  • Chaired panel discussion and workshop on “Conservation targets: Should we focus on species, ecosystems or ecosystem services”, Student conference in conservation science, Bangalore, June 17, 2010.
  • Invited Research Seminar “Water from the woods: Linking hydrologic functions to biodiversity across space and time”, June 21. National Centre for Biological Sciences, Bangalore.

Peer Reviewed Journal Papers

  • Krishnaswamy, J., L. Michael, D.D Richter and K. Korfmacher. 2000. Dynamic modeling of long-term sedimentation in the Yadkin River basin. Advances in Water Resources 23(8).
  • Krishnaswamy, J., D.D. Ricter, P. Halpin and M. Hofmockel. 2001. Spatial patterns of suspended sediment yields in a humid tropical watershed in Costa Rica. Hydrological Processes 15: 2237–2257.
  • Krishnaswamy, J., P.N. Halpin and D. Richter. 2001. Dynamics of sediment discharge in relation to land-use and hydro-climatology in a tropical, humid watershed. Journal of Hydrology 253: 91–109.
  • Krishnaswamy, J., and D.D. Richter. 2002. Properties of advanced-weathering stage soils in tropical forests and pastures. Journal of Soil Science Society of America 66: 244–253.
  • Krishnaswamy, J., M.C. Kiran and K.N. Ganeshaiah. 2003. Tree model based eco-climatic vegetation classification and fuzzy mapping in diverse tropical deciduous ecosystems using multi-season NDVI. International Journal of Remote Sensing 25(6): 1185–1205.
  • Prasad, S., R. Chellam, Krishnaswamy, and S.P. Goyal. 2004. Frugivory of Phyllanthus emblica in Rajaji National Park, North West India. Current Science 87(9): 1188:1190.
  • Krishnaswamy, J., M. Bunyan, V.K. Mehta, N. Jain and K.U. Karanth. 2006. Impact of iron ore mining on suspended sediment response in a tropical catchment in Kudremukh, Western Ghats, India. Forest Ecology and Management. 224:187–198.
  • Prasad, S. Krishnaswamy, J. Chellam, R., Goyal, S.P. (2006). Ruminant mediated dispersal of Phyllanthus Emblica in Rajaji National Park, India. Biotropica 38(5):679-682.
  • Das, A., Krishnaswamy, J., K.S. Bawa, M.C. Kiran, V. Srinivas, N. Samba Kumar and K.U. Karanth. 2006. Prioritization of conservation areas in the Western Ghats, India. Biological Conservation 133:16:31. prioritisation.pdf
  • Bali, A., A. Kumar, and J. Krishnaswamy. 2007. The mammalian communities in coffee plantations around a protected area in the Western Ghats, India. Biological Conservation 139:93-102.
  • Anand, M.O., J. Krishnaswamy and A. Das. 2008. Proximity to forests drives bird conservation value of shade-coffee plantations: Implications for certification. Ecological Applications 18(7): 1754–1763.
  • Chaitanya, K., , J. Krishnaswamy and N. Samba Kumar. 2008 Habitat factors affecting four horned antelope site occupancy and relative abundance in India. Journal of Zoology 276(1): 63–70.
  • Mehta, V.K., P.J. Sullivan, M.T. Walter, J. Krishnaswamy and S.D. DeGloria. 2008. Ecosystem impacts of disturbance in a dry tropical forest in southern India, Ecohydrology 1(2): 149–160.
  • Mehta, V.K., P.J. Sullivan, M.T. Walter, J. Krishnaswamy and S.D. DeGloria. 2008. Impacts of disturbance on soil properties in a dry tropical forest in Southern India. Ecohydrology 1(2): 161–175.
  • Krishnaswamy, J., M.C. Kiran, K.S. Bawa and K.N. Ganeshaiah. 2009. Quantifying and mapping biodiversity and ecosystem services using a multi-date NDVI based Mahalanobis distance measure. Remote Sensing of Environment 1(113): 857–867.
  • Y.C. Krishna, P. Clyne, J. Krishnaswamy and N.S. Kumar. 2009. Distributional and ecological review of the four horned antelope Tetracerus quadricornis. Mammalia 73(1): 1–6.
  • Kelkar, N., J. Krishnaswamy, S. Choudhary and D. Sutaria. 2010.
    Coexistence of fisheries with river dolphin conservation: challenges and opportunities for reconciliation. Conservation Biology; http://www3.interscience.wiley.com/journal/123320994/abstract (Online and in Press).
  • Anand, M.O., J. Krishnaswamy, A. Kumar and A. Bali. Sustaining biodiversity conservation in human-modified landscapes in the Western Ghats: Remnant forests matter, Biological Conservation, In Press, Corrected Proof, Available online 26 February 2010, ISSN 0006-3207, DOI: 10.1016/j.biocon.2010.01.013.
    (http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/B6V5X-4YGHKG0-1/2/859b9b091...)
  • Sandeep, K., R. Shankar and J. Krishnaswamy. 2010. Assessment of suspended particulate pollution in the Bhadra River catchment, Southern India: an environmental magnetic approach. Environmental Earth Sciences. Published online: 5 May 2010.
  • Vaidyanathan, S., J. Krishnaswamy, N. Samba Kumar, H. Dhanwatey, P. Dhanwatey and K.U. Karanth. 2010. Patterns of tropical forest dynamics and human impacts: Views from above and below the canopy. Biological Conservation (11 May 2010).
  • Ranganathan, J., J. Krishnaswamy and Anand, M.O. 2010.
    Landscape-level effects on avian species communities within human-dominated ecosystems in the Western Ghats: Insights for management and conservation. (Online and In Press). Biological Conservation.
  • Bonell, M., B.K. Purandara, B.Venkatesh, J. Krishnaswamy, H.A.K. Acharya, U.V. Singh, R. Jayakumar and N. Chappell. 2010. The impact of forest use and reforestation on soil hydraulic conductivity in the Western Ghats of India: Implications for surface and sub-surface hydrology. Journal of Hydrology 391: 47–62. doi:10.1016/j.jhydrol.2010.07.004.
  • Vira, B., Adams, W., Agarwal, C., Badiger, S., Hope, R.A., Krishnaswamy, J. and Kumar, C. (2012) Negotiating trade-offs: making informed choices for ecosystem services., Economic and Political Weekly XLVII(9): 67-75.
  • Laurance WF, Useche DC, Rendeiro J, Kalka M, Bradshaw CJ, Sloan SP, Laurance SG, Campbell M, Abernethy K, Alvarez P, Arroyo-Rodriguez V, Ashton P, Benítez-Malvido J, Blom A, Bobo KS, Cannon CH, Cao M, Carroll R, Chapman C, Coates R, Cords M, Danielsen F, De Dijn B, Dinerstein E, Donnelly MA, Edwards D, Edwards F, Farwig N, Fashing P, Forget PM, Foster M, Gale G, Harris D, Harrison R, Hart J, Karpanty S, Kress WJ, Krishnaswamy J et al 2012 Averting biodiversity collapse in tropical forest protected areas.Nature Sep 13;489(7415):290-4.
  • Nair, T., Thorbjarnarson, J. B., Aust, P., Krishnaswamy, J. (2012), Rigorous gharial population estimation in the Chambal: implications for conservation and management of a globally threatened crocodilian. Journal of Applied Ecology, 49: 1046–1054. doi: 10.1111/j.1365-2664.2012.02189.x
  • Krishnaswamy, Jagdish, Michael Bonell, Basappa Venkatesh, Bekal K. Purandara, Sharachchandra Lele, M. C. Kiran, Veerabasawant Reddy, Shrinivas Badiger, and K. N. Rakesh. "The rain-runoff response of tropical humid forest ecosystems to use and reforestation in The Western Ghats of India." Journal of Hydrology (2012).
  • Athreya V, Odden M, Linnell JDC, Krishnaswamy J, Karanth U (2013) Big Cats in Our Backyards: Persistence of Large Carnivores in a Human Dominated Landscape in India. PLoS ONE 8(3): e57872. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0057872
  • Krishnaswamy, Jagdish, Michael Bonell, Basappa Venkatesh, Bekal K. Purandara, Sharachchandra Lele, M. C. Kiran, Veerabasawant Reddy, Shrinivas Badiger, and K. N. Rakesh. "THE GROUNDWATER RECHARGE RESPONSE AND HYDROLOGIC SERVICES OF TROPICAL HUMID FOREST ECOSYSTEMS TO USE AND REFORESTATION: SUPPORT FOR THE "INFILTRATION-EVAPOTRANSPIRATION TRADE-OFF HYPOTHESIS." Journal of Hydrology In Press (2013).

Book chapter

Elmqvist, T., M. Tuvendal, J. Krishnaswamy and K. Hylander. Ecosystem services: managing trade-offs between provisioning and regulating services. Pages 24 to 39. In: Valuation of regulating services of ecosystems: methodology and applications. (ed. Pushpam Kumar Mike Wood. ed(s). Routledge, London, 2010.

Books

  • Hydrology and watershed services in the Western Ghats, India. 2006. (eds) Krishnaswamy, J., Lele, S., Jayakumar, R. Tata McGraw-Hill, New Delhi.
  • Environmental Studies. Ranjit Daniels and Jagdish Krishnaswamy. Wiley (India). 2009

Popular articles

Kiran, M.C. and Jagdish Krishnaswamy. Western Ghats: biodiversity, endemism and conservation. World HeritageNo. 56, June 2010. pp 40 - 43.

Nachiket Kelkar and Jagdish Krishnaswamy, Keeping rivers alive, SEMINAR 613 – September, 2010.

Membership and other positions

  1. Member of Gharial Conservation Alliance
  2. Associate Member, National Institute of Advanced Studies.
  3. Member of Research Advisory Committee (DSIR), Centre for Wildlife Studies
  4. Affliate Faculty, National Centre for Biological Sciences.
  5. Member of National Committee on Social and Economic Welfare
  6. Ecological Society of America
  7. Member of Editorial Board as Subject Editor, Biotropica 2009-2011
  8. Executive Committee Member, Indian Society for Ecological Economics