Harini Nagendra

Harini Nagendra's research examines how human-environment interactions shape changes in vegetation cover, structure and biodiversity in urban and rural contexts. Specific research studies focus on urban ecology, human drivers of land use/land cover change, local institutions and livelihoods, and multi-scale biodiversity assessments. Her research methods integrate earth observation data with field studies of biodiversity and social-institutional surveys of human-environment interactions, drawing on satellite remote sensing, GIS, landscape ecology, vegetation studies, institutional analysis, environmental analysis and field interviews.

Dr. Nagendra is a Lead Author for the Working Group III of the IPCC 5th Assessment Report, a Scientific Committee Member of DIVERSITAS, a Scientific Steering Committee Member of the Global Land Project, a Capacity Building Committee Expert Member for the Asia Pacific Network for Global Change Research, and a Coordinating Lead Author of the June 2011 International Science Workshop on Assessments for IPBES. From 2003 to 2008 she was a Society in Science: Branco Weiss Fellow at the Swiss Federal Institute of Technology, Zurich. She has been a recipient of the PNAS Cozzarelli Prize in 2007 (with Elinor Ostrom), a START Young Scientist Award in 2002, and a Young Scientist Medal from the Indian National Science Academy in 2001. Her research includes an edited book on 'Reforesting Landscapes: Linking Pattern and Process', edited special issues of Current Science on 'Society and Science: Interdisciplinary Exchanges', Agriculture, Ecosystems and Environment on 'From Pattern to Process: Landscape Fragmentation and the Analysis of Land Use/Land Cover Change', and Applied Geography on 'Are Parks Working? Exploring Human-Environment Tradeoffs in Protected Area Conservation', peer reviewed papers in journals including Ambio, PNAS and Landscape Ecology, and popular articles for newspapers and magazines.

H. Nagendra and J. Southworth, eds (2010). Reforesting Landscapes: Pattern and Process. Springer Landscape Series, Dordrecht, The Netherlands.

1. H. Nagendra (2012). Assessing relatedness and redundancy of forest monitoring and change indicators. Journal of Environmental Management 95: 108-113.
2. H. Nagendra and E. Ostrom (2011). The challenge of forest diagnostics. Ecology and Society 16: 20. [online] URL: http://www.ecologyandsociety.org/vol16/iss2/art20/.
3. P. Mondal and H. Nagendra (2011). Trends of forest dynamics in tiger landscapes across Asia. Environmental Management 48: 781-794.
4. J. Southworth, H. Nagendra and L. Cassidy (2011). Forest transition pathways in Asia: Studies from Nepal, India, Thailand and Cambodia. Journal of Land Use Science, 22 May, DOI: 10.1080/1747423X.2010.520342.
5. R. D’Souza and H. Nagendra (2011). Changes in public commons as a consequence of urbanization: the Agara lake in Bangalore, India. Environmental Management 47: 840-850.
6. K.S. He, D. Rocchini, M. Neteler and H. Nagendra (2011). Benefits of hyperspectral remote sensing for tracking plant invasions. Diversity and Distributions 17: 381-392.
7. H. Nagendra and D. Gopal (2011). Tree diversity, distribution, history and change in urban parks. Urban Ecosystems 14: 211-223.
8. D. Rocchini, N. Balkenhol, G.A. Carter, G.M. Foody, T.W. Gillespie, K.S. He, S. Kark, N. Levin, K. Lucas, M. Luoto, H. Nagendra, J. Oldeland, C. Ricotta, J. Southworth and M. Neteler (2010). Remotely sensed spectral heterogeneity as a proxy of species diversity: recent advances and open challenges. Ecological Informatics 5: 318-329.
9. H. Nagendra, D. Rocchini, R. Ghate (2010). Beyond parks as monoliths: Spatially differentiating park-people relationships in the Tadoba Andhari Tiger Reserve in India. Biological Conservation 143: 2900-2908.
10. H. Nagendra and D. Gopal (2010). Street trees in Bangalore: Density, diversity, composition and distribution. Urban Forestry and Urban Greening 9: 129-137.
11. H. Nagendra, D. Rocchini, R. Ghate, B. Sharma and S. Pareeth (2010). Assessing plant diversity in a dry tropical forest: Comparing the utility of Landsat and IKONOS satellite images. Remote Sensing 2: 478-496.
12. N. Lele, H. Nagendra and J. Southworth (2010). Accessibility, demography and protection: Drivers of forest stability and change at multiple scales in the Cauvery basin, India. Remote Sensing 2: 306-323.
13. H. Nagendra and R. Gadagkar (2009). Society and science: interdisciplinary exchanges. Current Science 97: 1513-1514.
14.H. Nagendra (2009). Drivers of regrowth in South Asia’s human impacted forests. Current Science 97: 1586-1592.
15. H. Nagendra, S. Pareeth, S. Paul and S. Dutt (2009). Landscapes of protection: forest change and fragmentation in northern West Bengal, India. Environmental Management 44: 853-864.
16. H. Nagendra and R. Ghate (2009). Ostrom on India and Nepal. Economic and Political Weekly 44: 4.
17. D. Rocchini, H. Nagendra, R. Ghate and B. Cade (2009). Spectral distance decay: assessing species beta-diversity by quantile regression. Photogrammetric Engineering and Remote Sensing 75: 1225-1230.
18. R. Ghate, D. Mehra and H. Nagendra (2009). Local institutions as mediators of the impact of markets on non-timber forest product extraction in central India. Environmental Conservation 36: 51-61.
19. H. Nagendra and D. Rocchini (2008). High resolution satellite imagery for tropical biodiversity studies: the devil is in the detail. Biodiversity and Conservation 17: 3431-3442.
20. H. Nagendra (2008). Do parks work? Impact of protected areas on land cover clearing. Ambio 37:330-337.
21. H. Nagendra and Y. Gokhale (2008). Management regimes, property rights, and forest biodiversity in Nepal and India. Environmental Management 41:719-733.
22. H. Nagendra, S. Pareeth, B. Sharma, C.M. Schweik and K.R. Adhikari (2008). Forest fragmentation and regrowth in an institutional mosaic of community, government and private ownership in Nepal. Landscape Ecology 23: 41-54.
23. D.K. Munroe, H. Nagendra and J. Southworth (2007). Monitoring landscape fragmentation in an inaccessible mountain area: Celaque National Park, Western Honduras. Landscape and Urban Planning 83: 154-167.
24. H. Nagendra (2007). Drivers of reforestation in human-dominated forests. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences USA 104: 15218-15223.
25. E. Ostrom and H. Nagendra (2007). Tenure alone is not sufficient: monitoring is essential. Environmental Economics and Policy Studies 8: 175-199.
26. E. Ostrom and H. Nagendra (2006). Insights on Linking Forests, Trees, and People from the Air, on the Ground, and in the Lab. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences USA 103: 19224-19331.
27. J. Southworth, H. Nagendra and D. K. Munroe (2006). Are parks working? Exploring human-environment tradeoffs in protected area conservation. Applied Geography 26: 87-95.
28. H. Nagendra, S. Pareeth and R. Ghate (2006). People within parks: forest villages, land-cover change and landscape fragmentation in the Tadoba-Andhari Tiger Reserve, India. Applied Geography 26: 96-112.
29. R. Ghate and H. Nagendra (2005). Role of monitoring in institutional performance: forest management in Maharashtra, India. Conservation and Society, 3: 509-532.
30. H. Nagendra, M. Karmacharya and B. Karna (2005). Evaluating forest management in Nepal: views across time and space. Ecology and Society 10: 24. [online] URL: http://www.ecologyandsociety.org/vol10/iss1/art24/.
31. H. Nagendra, B. Karna and M. Karmacharya (2005). Examining institutional change: social conflict in Nepal’s leasehold forestry programme. Conservation and Society 3: 72-91.
32. C.M. Tucker, D.K. Munroe, H. Nagendra and J. Southworth (2005). Comparative spatial analyses of forest conservation and change in Honduras and Guatemala. Conservation and Society 3: 174-200.
33. H. Nagendra, J. Southworth, C.Tucker, M. Karmacharya, B. Karna and L.A. Carlson (2004). Monitoring parks through remote sensing: Studies in Nepal and Honduras. Environmental Management 34: 748-760.
34. H. Nagendra, D. Munroe and J. Southworth (2004). Introduction to the special issue. From pattern to process: landscape fragmentation and the analysis of land use/land cover change. Agriculture, Ecosystems and Environment 101: 111-115.
35. J. Southworth, H. Nagendra, L. Carlson and C. Tucker (2004). Assessing the impact of Celaque National Park on forest fragmentation in western Honduras. Applied Geography 24: 303-322.
36. J. Southworth, D. Munroe and H. Nagendra (2004). Land cover change and landscape fragmentation: comparing the utility of continuous and discrete analyses for a study area in Western Honduras. Agriculture, Ecosystems and Environment 101: 185-205.
37. H. Nagendra, J. Southworth and C. Tucker (2003). Accessibility as a determinant of landscape transformation in Western Honduras: linking pattern and process. Landscape Ecology 18: 141-158.
38. H. Nagendra and G. Utkarsh (2003). Landscape ecological planning through a multi-scale characterization of pattern: studies in the Western Ghats, South India. Environmental Monitoring and Assessment 87: 815-833.
39. C. Schweik, H. Nagendra and D.R. Sinha (2003). Using satellites to search for forest management innovations in Nepal. Ambio 32: 312-319.
40. H. Nagendra (2002). Tenure and forest conditions: Community forestry in the Nepal Terai. Environmental Conservation 29: 530-539.
41. H. Nagendra (2002). Opposite response of the Shannon and Simpson indices of landscape diversity. Applied Geography 22: 175-186.
42. J. Southworth, H. Nagendra and C.M. Tucker (2002). Fragmentation of a landscape: Incorporating landscape metrics into satellite analyses of land cover change. Landscape Research 27: 253-269.
43. H. Nagendra (2001). Using remote sensing to assess biodiversity. International Journal of Remote Sensing 22: 2377-2400.
44. H. Nagendra (2001). Incorporating landscape transformation into local conservation prioritization: A case study in the Western Ghats, India. Biodiversity and Conservation 10: 353-365.
45. H. Nagendra and M. Gadgil (1999). Biodiversity assessment at multiple scales: Linking remotely sensed data with field information. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences USA 96: 9154-9158.
46. H. Nagendra and M. Gadgil (1999). Satellite imagery as a tool for monitoring species diversity: an assessment. Journal of Applied Ecology 36: 388-397.
47. H. Nagendra and M. Gadgil (1998). Linking regional and landscape scales for assessing biodiversity: A case study from Western Ghats. Current Science 75: 264-271.
48. H. Nagendra and M. Gadgil (1997). Remote sensing as a tool for estimating biodiversity. Journal of Spacecraft Technology 7: 1-9.

Recent Popular Articles
Green were the citizens? Citizen Matters, 11th July 2011.
Role of communities: An eye on the forest. Deccan Herald, 14th June 2011.
Tree-killers having a free run in Bangalore. Deccan Herald, 4th January 2011.
We need city-level green plans. Daily News Analysis (DNA) Bangalore, 2 Jan 2011.
How green was my Mekhri circle. Bangalore Mirror, 28 December 2010.
Biodiversity and the city. The Hindu Survey of the Environment 2010.
Maps, lakes and citizens. Seminar India, September 2010, pp 19-23.
Ringing out the old. Deccan Herald, 31st August 2010.
Whither giant trees? Deccan Herald, 6th July 2010.
Biodiversity priority of this decade. DNA Bangalore, 11 June 2010.

Recent talks
• Urban Ecosystems: Critical Ecological Resources. Indian Institution of Engineers, Bangalore, January 21.
• Conservation in South Asian Forests: Challenges of Collective Action. South Asia Exchange Programme – Common Property Resource, Hyderabad, January 8.

• Conservation in Forests and Cities. Bangalore International Center, Bangalore, November 26th.
• Urban Forests: A Critical Ecological and Environmental Resource. Vruksha: Web Portal for Participatory Mapping of Bangalore’s Street Trees, Bangalore, October 10th.
• Conservation in Forests and Cities: Challenges of Collective Action. Indian Institute of Management, Bangalore, June 30th.
• Our Forests, Our Future. Infosys Sustainability Series, Bangalore, March 5th.
• Street Trees of Bangalore: A Critical Ecological and Environmental Resource. CiSTUP, Indian Institute of Science, Bangalore, February 16th.
• Drivers of Reforestation in the Human Dominated Landscapes of South Asia. Stockholm Resilience Center, Stockholm, February 10th.

PhD. Advisees
Somajita Paul, Madhura Niphadkar, Hita Unnikrishnan, Shivani Agarwal, ATREE

Committee member:
Pinki Mondal, University of Florida (defended December 2010)
Sanchayeeta Adhikari, University of Florida (defended March 2011)
Kavitha Nair, Savitha Swamy, Arundhati Das, ATREE

MSc. Advisees:
Sajid Pareeth, Stuttgart University (defended)
Akshatha Murthy, Bangalore University (defended)
Vani Kaleeswari, PSG College of Engineering and Technology, Dindigul (defended)
Divya Gopal, Greifswald University (ongoing)